- Language Family
Armenian has developed a set of prothetic vowels in its phonological history. One source of such prothetic vowels is through the interaction of historical epenthesis and metathesis of initial Cr-clusters: *Cr > *CVr > VCr.
The interaction between epenthesis, metathesis and subsequent vowel deletion also accounts for the emergence of root-internal/final VrC sequences from historical *VCr clusters: *VCr > *VCer > *VerC > VrC. On the surface, the change appears to be between consonants.
In addition, Picard (1989) also entertains a simpler analysis where the *VCr > VrC change is due to a single-step metathesis process, unrelated to the vowel epenthesis and deletion change in Armenian elsewhere.
Type(s) of metathesis
|b. CC||Diachronic||Obligatory||Adjacent||Root-internal, root-final|
Case types and qualities
*srudis > ar̄u 'canal'
*dráku (~*dakru) > artawsr 'tear'
*gwráwon > erkan 'millstone'
*kubʰrós > surb 'holy'
*swidro > kʰirtn 'sweat'
*megʰri > mery 'near, at'
No conditions could be found
No motivations could be found
Picard, Marc. 1989. A reanalysis of Armenian prothesis and metathesis. Folia Linguistica Historica 10.1–2:61–69. doi:10.1515/flih.1989.10.1–2.61