- Language Family
- Malayo-Polynesian, Philippine
In numerals only, a glottal stop metathesizes with a following consonant when it would otherwise occur in preconsonantal position as a result of other processes.
In numerals only, CV metathesis is observed.
Type(s) of metathesis
|a. CC||Synchronic||Obligatory||Non-adjacent||Root-initial, root-internal|
|b. CV||Synchronic||Obligatory||Adjacent||Root-initial, root-internal|
Case types and qualities
- Glottal stop
- Bilabial stop
- Alveolar fricative
- Alveolar nasal
- Alveolar stop
- Alveolar lateral
- High back
- High front
There are six forms in Hanunóo which show metathesis (based on our survey of Conklin 1953). Three involve C/C metathesis, with a glottal stop metathesizing with the following consonant, after the deletion of the intervening vowel. Note that all words with metathesis involve numerals.
There are six forms in Hanunóo which show metathesis (based on our survey of Conklin 1953). Three involve root-initial C/V metathesis. Note that all words with metathesis involve numerals.
Metathesis applies just in case a glottal stop would otherwise occur in preconsonantal position as the result of vowel syncope triggered by prefixation.
When a consonant other than a glottal stop occurs in preconsonantal position, metathesis fails to apply.
Phonotactic restriction: An examination of Conklin's (1953) dictionary reveals that there are no words in which glottal stop occurs in preconsonantal position. Glottal stop occurs prevocalically (#__V, ʔagaw 'grasping'; V__V, paraʔan 'method'; C__V butʔul 'bone') and postvocalically (V__#, batiʔ 'feeling, emotion').
- Conklin, H. 1953. Hanunóo-English Vocabulary. University of California Publications in Linguistics. Volume 9. University of California Press. Berkeley and Los Angeles.
- Kenstowicz, M and C. Kisseberth 1979. Generative Phonology. Academic Press.
- Mielke, Jeff & Elizabeth Hume. 2001. Considerations of Word Recognition for Metathesis. In E.Hume, N. Smith & J. van de Weijer, Surface Syllable Structure and Segment Sequencing. Leiden: HIL. 2001.