- Language Family
A palatal glide + consonant sequence, due to morpheme concatenation, is pronounced with the glide following the consonant.
A glottal stop and nasal or liquid reverse positions.
Type(s) of metathesis
|a. CC||Synchronic||Obligatory||Adjacent||Across morpheme boundaries|
|b. CC||Synchronic||Obligatory||Adjacent||Across morpheme boundaries|
Case types and qualities
- Palatal glide
- Palatal glide
When /y/ precedes a consonant, the glide is realized after the consonant.
When the seuqence /yh/ precedes a bilabial consonant /p/, /m/ or velar consonant /k/, the glide is realized after the final consonant of the cluster.
When a nasal or liquid precedes a glottal stop, the glottal stop surfaces before the consonant.
The above processes occur across morpheme boundaries. Phonotactics: According to Wonderly (1951(17):113), "clusters of y plus consonant except ty, h occur in native Zoque words only after e; otherwise such clusters appear only in Spanish loans."
The above processes occur across morpheme boundaries.
Palatalization (Sagey1986): Sagey (1986) argues that apparent glide/consonant metathesis in Zoque isn't metathesis at all. Rather, palatalization is involved: the vowel articulation of the glide is pronounced as a secondary palatal articulation on the following consonant.
Sonority hierarchy restrictions(Stonham 1990): Metathesis occurs to resolve a sonority violation.
ʈ = voiceless alveo-palatal stop
ɖ = voiced alveo-palatal stop
ɲ = alveo-palatal nasal
cç = voiceless alveo-palatal affricate
ɟʝ = voiced alveo-palatal affricate
ʃ = voiceless aveo-palatal fricative
- Sagey, E. 1986. The Representation of features and relations in nonlinear phonology. PhD dissertation. MIT. 106-112.
- Wonderly, W. 1951. Zoque: Phonemics and Morphology. International Journal of American Linguistics 17, 1-4; 18, 1, 4.