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Database

Persian

(Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran, Iraq, etc.; Indo-European, Iranian)

Summary:
An obstruent or nasal metathesize with a following liquid in word-final position.
Examples:
caxr (a) > carx 'wheel'
vafr(a) > barf 'snow, ice'
asr(u) > ars 'tear'
Conditions:
The loss of a word-final vowel creates the context for metathesis. The deleted vowel is included in parentheses in the examples above.
Motivation:
Sonority Contour Constraint (Hock 1985): Metathesis serves to eliminate clusters which do not conform to the language's prefered syllable structure: sonority increases in the onset and decreases in the coda.
Related Information:
No information currently available.
Symbols:
No information currently available.

Last Updated: 6/18/2007
References:
eliabeth hume's home page | OSU Linguistics home page