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Database

Kasem

(Burkina Faso and Ghana; Niger-Congo, Gur)

Summary:
Chomsky and Halle (1968) posit a VV metathesis rule in Kasem whereby the first and second vowels metathesize if the second and third vowels are not [a]:

[+voc, -cons](1) [-cons](2) [+voc, -cons](3)
----> 2 1 3
except when 2 = 3= [a]

Phelps (1975) argues against the claim that there is VV metathesis in the langauge.

To our knowledge, there are no productive cases of VV metathesis.
Examples:
Chomksy and Halle (1968) make use of a rule of VV metathesis to derive forms like the following:

  sg. pl. sg. pl.
UR pia + a pia + i 'sheep' babia + a babia + i 'brave'
Velar Elision        
Metathesis   pai + i   babai + i
Truncation pi + a pa +i babi + a baba + i
Contraction   pe   babe
Glide Formation        
Surface form [pia] [pe] [babia] [babe]
Conditions:
No information currently available.
Motivation:
No information currently available.
Related Information:
No information currently available.
Symbols:
N = velar nasal

Last Updated: 6/14/2007
References:
eliabeth hume's home page | OSU Linguistics home page