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Database

Hiliganyon

(Central Philippines; Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian)

Summary:
When the loss of an unstressed vowel in the stem-final syllable brings two consonants together, these consonants may undergo metathesis.
Examples:
a.nm --> mn
inom - on > imnon > *inmon > ‘to drink something’
tanom - an > tamnan > *tanman > ‘to plant a field’

b. ld --> dl
sulod - an > sudlan > *suldan > ‘to enter a place’

c. ls --> sl
qilis - an > qislan > *qilsan > ‘to change a thing’
balos - an > baslan > *balsan > ‘to repay’
Conditions:
The loss of the vowel in the stem-final syllable triggered by suffixation conditions metathesis.
inom - on > imnon > *inmon > ‘to drink something’
sulod - an > sudlan > *suldan > ‘to enter a place’
Motivation:
No information currently available.
Related Information:
When certain roots are suffixed and the stress shifts to the left, the vowel formerly carrying the stress is lost.

sa'kit + -an > 'saktan > ‘to hurt someone’
la'gas + -on > 'lagson > ‘chase’
Symbols:
': stress marker (The syllable after this marker is stressed.)

Last Updated: 6/13/2007
References:
eliabeth hume's home page | OSU Linguistics home page