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Database

Cherokee

(Eastern and Northeastern Oklahoma, Western North Carolina; Southern Iroquoian)

Summary:
In the derivation of the second singular forms, there is a reordering of a glide and glottal fricative.
Examples:
Counterfactive Cislocative  
/yi-hi-nega/ --> [hyinega] /wi-hi-nega/ --> [hwinega] 'you'


cf.
Counterfactive Cislocative  
yi-ji-nega wi-ji-nega 'I'
yi-ga-nega wi-ga-nega 'he'
Conditions:
Deletion of the vowel 'i' conditions metathesis.
i-deletion: The vowel 'i' deletes when preceding a second singular form.

/yi-hi-nega/
-->
i-deletion
[yhinega]
-->
metathesis
[hyinega] 'you (S), counteractive'
/wi-hi-nega/
-->
i-deletion
[whinega]
-->
metathesis
[hwinega] 'you (S), cislocative'
Motivation:
Phonotactic Restriction (Foley 1980): In Cherokee, there are no cases of clusters of a glide plus a non-vocalic segment except in a couple of instances, e.g. dlayka 'bluejay'. This phonotactic restriction has been seen as the motivation for metathesis of a glide and glottal fricative.
Related Information:
No information currently available.
Symbols:
Thanks to Darin M. Howe (University of Calgary) for contributing information relevant to this page.

Last Updated: 6/20/2007
References:
eliabeth hume's home page | OSU Linguistics home page