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Database

Cebuano

(Philippines; Austronesian, Central Philippines)

Summary:
a. Metathesis occurs when two consonants become adjacent as the result of vowel loss.
b. The /?Vh/ sequence becomes [hV?].
Examples:
a. Metathesis occurs when two consonants end up being adjacent as the result of vowel loss. According to Wolff (1972), this occurs with sequences of a liquid or /s/ and a consonant. Note though that in the data given, nasals are also involved.

sul'ud
'enter'
+ -un --->
s'udlun
'enter it'
?in'um
'drink'
+ -a --->
?'imna
'drink it'
put'us
'wrap'
+ -un --->
p'ustun
'wrap it'

b. In affixed forms, The /?C and /hC/ almost always become [C?] and [Ch] (Wolff 1972:xii).

/luh'ud/
'kneel'
+ -an --->
ludhan
'kneel on'
Conditions:
a. Metathesis is conditioned by the loss of the vowel in the stem-final syllable triggered by suffixation
Motivation:
No information currently available.
Related Information:
a. Vowel loss: When a suffix is added to a root with a stressed final syllable, the final vowel of the root drops.

dak'up
'arrest'
+ -an --->
d'akpan
'be arrested'
pis'ik
'splash'
+ -an --->
p'iskan
'be splashed'

This occasionally happens to roots with stressed penults.

kal'imut
'forget'
+ -i --->
kal'imti
'forget it'
Symbols:
? = glottal stop
' = stress marker ('V = stressed vowel)

See similar metatheses in the related language Tagalog.

Last Updated: 6/20/2007
References:
eliabeth hume's home page | OSU Linguistics home page