• Skip Navigation •
Header image. Go to Metathesis in Language Home page.
home | database | resources
list of languages in database | cc metathesis | cv metathesis

Database

Balangao

(Luzon, Philippines; Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian)

Summary:
Metathesis occurs when a laryngeal would otherwise occur in preconsonantal position. Two laryngeals also metathesize, with the stop occurring in prevocalic position.
Examples:
Input Output Gloss Expected output (without metathesis)
?i + hIgIp ?ighIp ‘bring in’ *?ihgIp
ma + hIdIm madhIm ‘night’ *mahdIm
CV(Red) + ?opat ?op?at ‘four each’ *?o?pat
CV(Red) + ?InIm ?In?Im ‘six each’ *?I?nIm
ma + ha?al mah?al ‘choke’ *ma?hal


Nb. Red = reduplicant
Conditions:
a. When a laryngeal is not the first member of the heteromorphemic consonant cluster formed by affixation and vowel loss, metathesis fails to apply.

b. When a laryngeal fricative and stop are the first and the second member of the cluster, metathesis fails to apply.

ma + ha?al
mah?al
‘put to bed’
Motivation:
Maximizing the perceptual salience of laryngeals and contrast betweenlaryngeals and other sounds (Hume 1997): When two laryngeals are involved, the contrast between the two laryngeals is enhanced by placing the weaker glottal stop in prevocalic position where the burst is more salient.
Related Information:
No information currently available.
Symbols:
I = high central unrounded vowel
E = mid central unrounded vowel
? = glottal stop
N = velar nasal consonant

Last Updated: 6/20/2007
References:
eliabeth hume's home page | OSU Linguistics home page