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Database

Arabic (Palestinian)

(Palestinian West Bank and Gaza; Afro-Asiatic, Semitic)

Summary:
The root shape CCVC is metathesized to CVCC when a vowel-initial suffix is attached and when the root vowel is high.
Examples:
a. Verbs

unsuffixed suffixed      
(CCVC) (CVCC)      
2 sg. m. subj. 2 sg. f. subj. 3 pl.   
tu'-drus tu'-durs-i yu'-durs-u ‘study’
ti'-lbis ti'-libs yi'-libs-u ‘wear’


b. Nouns

fi'lfil
‘pepper’
fi'lifl-i
‘my pepper’
mi'SmiS
‘apricots’
mi'SimS-u
‘his apricots’
Conditions:
a. Metathesis applies when the root vowel metathesizing with a consonant is high. When the root vowel is the low vowel /a/, metathesis fails to apply.

ti'-fham-i
*ti'-fahm-i
ti'-fham-u
*ti'-fahm-u
yi'-fham-u
*yi'-fahm-u
Motivation:
No information currently available.
Related Information:
No information currently available.
Symbols:
V' = stressed vowel
S = voiceless alveo-palatal fricative

Last Updated: 6/20/2007
References:
eliabeth hume's home page | OSU Linguistics home page